Sports psychology dating an athlete
Although most of these studies failed to yield significant results, some valid connections were made between success in athletics and positive mental health.
Specific sports and recreational specialties studied include baseball, basketball, soccer, volleyball, tennis, golf, fencing, dance, and many others.
Following the already existing practice in Europe, sports psychologists in North America now work directly with professional athletes and teams to help improve performance.
Techniques applied include anxiety management, progressive relaxation, autogenic training, biofeed-back, hypnosis, and cognitive behavioral therapy.
When psychologists began studying sports in the 1930s and 1940s, they focused on motor performance and the acquisition of motor skills.
Sports psychology emerged as a distinct discipline in the 1960s, dominated by theories of social psychology.